January 19th Update: Governor Quinn signed HB 1958 into law!
November 29th Update: Senate Passes HB 1958 by a vote of 44 - 10. Click here to find out how your Senator voted on this bill. The bill is now on the Governor's desk waiting for his signature.
November 8th Update: HB 1958 is voted out of the Senate Criminal Law Committee by a 7-2 vote!
See below to find out how the members of the Criminal Law committee voted on this bill.
In 2000, Illinois became the first state to pass a ban on the practice of shackling pregnant women during labor. Unfortunately, the ban is not uniformly enforced.
Women charged with nonviolent crimes have been placed in leg irons, with their hands cuffed to chain belts, when brought to the hospital. They even have been shackled by one wrist and one ankle to their hospital beds, impeding labor.
House Bill 1958, already passed by the House, eliminates this dangerous practice by clarifying and strengthening the law to protect the lives and health of mothers and infants.
In 2000, Illinois became the first state to ban shackling of pregnant prisoners during labor. The vote was unanimous in the House and Senate. In the 11 years since, there have been numerous examples of pregnant prisoners shackled during labor.
Example of Why We Need This Law
In 2006, a young, pregnant, woman was arrested for possession of a controlled substance. She was a approved for a residential treatment facility program where she was required to wear an electronic ankle monitor. She was never categorized as a flight risk, and while in the program could go with a counselor to church or the store. Even though she was only required to wear an ankle monitor at the program, she was placed in leg irons and a chain belt with handcuffs attached during her periodic court appearances. Later into her pregnancy she was required to walk up an incline from a holding cell to the courtroom, scared that with her legs and hands shackled, and her center of balance off, she might fall. In her 8th month, she was admitted to the hospital and though she still had the ankle monitor on, the officer proceed to shackle her left ankle and wrist to the bed. At the change of each shift, the new nurse would ask about her crime, and when told that she was in for a non-violent offensive, the nurse would ask the officer to remove the restraints - each time he refused. The officer was in the room watching the NBA finals for the duration of the labor, even while her feet were in stirrups and the baby was crowning. She repeatedly asked him to leave to give her some privacy, but he never did. And even though he was in the room, and she was never deemed a flight risk, she was shackled by her arm and leg to the bed throughout the labor and birth of her child. Unfortunately, what happened to this woman above is not a one time occurrence.
HB 1958 can help address this unfortunate scenario.
This bill, which only applies to Cook County:
- Clarifies and strengthens the law to protect the life and health of mothers and infants.
- Defines "restraints" and "labor" - there has been some confusion as to what is meant by those terms, these definitions will increase clarity and make the existing law more meaningful.
- Bans the use of restraints for prisoners who are pregnant and in postpartum recovery - there are 2 exceptions to the ban on restraints: (1) restraints can be allowed if an individualized determination that a woman poses a substantial flight risk or an extraordinary circumstance dictates security restraints has been made; or (2) qualified health personnel orders therapeutic restraints for a women who is a danger because of a psychological or medical disorder.
- Requires an officer to wait outside of the hospital room after conducting a safety inspection. The officer can conduct periodic safety assessments throughout the delivery, but cannot sit in the room while the woman is in labor.
- Requires annual reporting by the Corrections of instances when pregnant inmates are restrained
2011 Spring Session: Passed out of the House in May Votes: 86 Yes / 30 No
Want to make sure you have the most up-to-date on the bill? Click HERE!
Additional Information On HB 1958 (Ban Restraints On Pregnant Prisoners)