Souleymane Dembele is a loving husband to a lawful permanent resident of the United States and father to three U.S. citizen children. Like many people in Illinois, he has pre-existing medical conditions, including hypertension that is managed with medication. Until a few months ago, however, Mr. Dembele feared for his life. That was because he was held in Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) custody at McHenry County Jail as COVID-19 spread across the country and our state like wildfire.
Mr. Dembele was in immigration detention, a system by which ICE holds people charged with immigration violations or ordered deported in facilities across the country, including three Illinois jails. Immigration detention during the COVID-19 pandemic is potentially deadly to people who, like Mr. Dembele, are older or suffer from preexisting medical conditions, including hypertension, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and asthma. These people face a one in seven chance of death from COVID-19. Notably, Black Chicagoans, like Mr. Dembele, are more likely than white residents to be infected and die from COVID-19.
Yet, throughout Illinois, medically vulnerable people like Mr. Dembele are detained in conditions that increase their risk of contracting potentially fatal COVID-19. The disease raced through Cook County Jail, making it one of the nation’s largest nodes of coronavirus transmission. This is why we filed three lawsuits on behalf of Mr. Dembele and other medically vulnerable immigrants detained by ICE in the McHenry County Jail and the Jerome Combs Detention Center in Kankakee County, and why we advocated for the release of other medically vulnerable immigrants from the Pulaski County Jail.
Through these efforts, we secured the release from ICE custody in Illinois of four immigrants at high risk of severe harm from COVID-19, including Mr. Dembele and Joaquin Herrera-Herrera. It is critical that we did. Three immigrant detainees at the McHenry County Jail have tested positive for COVID-19 since we secured the release of Mr. Dembele and another immigrant—despite ICE’s claim that the jail was a model for COVID-19 prevention.
Too many immigrants remain detained in Illinois jail conditions that foster the entry and rapid spread of the coronavirus. As one immigrant detainee in the Jerome Combs Detention Center explained, “I am terrified that the jail staff will bring in the COVID-19 virus to the detention center. . . They are out and about. They go home. Then they come back here. They could bring the virus into the jail any day now and we are left powerless.”
Dr. Homer Venters, an expert in internal medicine and correctional response to infectious disease, found the jail’s screening and testing procedures fail to reflect current CDC guidelines and are inadequate to ensure that coronavirus does not enter the jail.
Another immigrant detainee in the same jail explains, “It is very hard to keep distance from other detainees, particularly my cellmate, and we are all touching the same surfaces over and over again.” Dr. Venters found that video footage and statements from medical staff at the jail at showed a lack of commitment to ensuring social distancing in predictable locations, including medication and meal lines.
Troublingly, Dr. Venters also found that the Jerome Combs Detention Center lacks sufficient medical staff on duty, especially at night, and has “significantly deviated from the current professional standards for protecting medically vulnerable people in detention.” These failures place immigrant detainees at-risk of serious illness, and death from COVID-19 in particular danger. Shockingly, one medical leader at the jail also incorrectly testified that the risk of asymptomatic transmission of COVID-19 is “very, very, very low” — in stark contrast to the CDC’s recognition that coronavirus transmission by people with presymptomatic or asymptomatic infection contributes to the spread of COVID-19.
Since April 2020, federal judges have ordered the release of several medically vulnerable immigrants from Jerome Combs Detention Center, including Mr. Herrera-Herrera, due to the dangerous conditions there. But a more recent court opinion denied release to five medically vulnerable immigrants from that jail despite evidence — including Dr. Venters’ findings — that these troubling conditions persist. The court relied heavily on the fact that the number of ICE detainees in the jail had been reduced by around 86% since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic — a reduction that is in part due to sustained litigation against the facility by medically vulnerable immigrants seeking release.
But let’s be clear: inadequate jail conditions continue to ensure that COVID-19 poses a serious threat to the health and lives of immigrant detainees and staff in Illinois jails, as well as to people in surrounding communities.
Even as ICE temporarily stopped sending new detainees to the Jerome Combs Detention Center, detainees in the McHenry County Jail reported to us that ICE was simply sending more immigrants there instead. It should be no surprise that now the McHenry County Jail has three confirmed cases of COVID-19 amongst detained immigrants. The Pulaski County Jail experienced a massive outbreak with 51 detainees testing positive for the disease. And as of today, ICE data shows that 4,192 immigrant detainees nationwide have tested positive for COVID-19.
ICE facilities are no place for medically vulnerable immigrants. As documented in a report by the ACLU, Human Rights Watch, and National Immigrant Justice Center earlier this year, the severe risk of harm to immigrants in ICE detention from COVID-19 is emblematic of everything wrong with the immigration detention: a system vastly expanded under the Trump administration with no clear way out for detained people, sordid conditions, and inadequate medical care. Nevertheless, ICE has appealed nearly every one of the federal court decisions ordering the release of medical vulnerable immigrants from ICE custody in Kankakee, including the order releasing Mr. Herrera-Herrera.
In the weeks since he was released, Mr. Dembele has remained COVID-19 free. He was able to safely celebrate Ramadan, Eid-al-Fitr, and Eid-al-Adha with his family. There is no basis for concern that he will not appear in immigration court or even for his deportation, if that is scheduled. Yet, before we filed suit seeking Mr. Dembele’s release due to dangerous conditions in the McHenry County Jail, ICE had sought to keep him detained pending the resolution of his immigration case, despite readily available alternatives to detention.
Mr. Dembele is proof that releasing medically vulnerable people from immigration detention is not only safe, but the right and decent thing to do to protect the health and lives of detainees, jail staff, and their families, as well as their surrounding communities. We will not stop fighting for the rights of immigrants in detention who face these terrifying conditions.