All people have the right to receive health care and information that is not restricted by the religious beliefs of others. However, on a daily basis, health care providers withhold care, citing religious restrictions – such as the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services. These restrictions harm patients by prohibiting a wide range of health care services, including contraception and abortion. Nationally, 1 in 6 hospital beds are in institutions that operate under these broad religious directives, which are promulgated by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. In Illinois, that number is closer to 1 in 3.
The ACLU works through litigation, advocacy and public education to defend religious liberty and to ensure that no one is discriminated against or denied services because of someone else’s religious beliefs. Our initiatives related to religious refusals in health care include:
Patient Protections in Legislation: Drafting, advocating for, and helping to defend legislation that incorporated critical patient protections into the Health Care Right of Conscience Act, ensuring that Illinois patients will receive the information they need to make appropriate medical decisions.
Individual Patient Representation: Representing and advocating on behalf of individual patients who have been denied health care in Illinois because of the imposition of religious restrictions, including:
Mindy Swank, who was denied proper treatment for a miscarriage at a hospital that follows religious restrictions – an experience that placed her life and health at unnecessary risk;
Melanie Jones, who was refused basic health care at a Catholic hospital in Chicago after she fell and her IUD became dislodged, causing bleeding and pain;
Darolyn Lee, who was denied basic contraceptive care by a Catholic health care provider and told that all women “should be required” to have children;
Angela Valavanis, who did not learn until she had been in labor for three full days and was being wheeled in for a c-section that she could not receive a planned tubal ligation because her doctor’s practice was purchased by a Catholic provider and who was later denied contraception by that physician;
Community Health Clinics Treating Low-Income Patients: Advocacy for broad provision of contraceptive care in federally funded health clinics that limit patient access to birth control because of religious restrictions;
Taxpayer Dollars and Religious Restrictions on Health Care: Calling on the Chicago City Council to reject a deal that would award $5.5 million in tax payer funding to a religiously-affiliated health care provider with a policy of turning away patients seeking basic care;
In-Store Clinics: Advocating that retail health clinics partnering with religiously-affiliated health care providers make commitments to continue ensuring access to the full scope of care.
- “Their Hands are Tied”: Dr. Debra Stulberg on Religious Restrictions on the Provision of Health Care
- Health Care Denied: Patients and Physicians Speak Out About Catholic Hospitals and the Threat to Women’s Health and Lives (2016)
- Miscarriage of Medicine: The Growth of Catholic Hospitals and the Threat to Reproductive Health Care (2013)