Data collection around police stops for drivers and pedestrians remains an important tool for police officers and the public to identify and combat racial disparities in law enforcement here in Illinois. The data allows concerns of Illinois citizens to be better addressed, resources such as specialized training to be provided, the honest efforts of Illinois' law enforcement professionals to be demonstrated, and the civil rights of all Illinois citizens to be protected.
SB 3415 would lift the upcoming sunset on this data collection and keep the current practice in place. The bill would also fulfil the requirement to study and identify the best use of technology to collect, compile and analyze stop data.
Despite some departments that show more equitable statistics, when you look at the hard numbers since this law was passed in 2004, many departments continue to report racial disparities. Data collection can result in the review of policies and training and can lead to implementation of practices that prevent biased policing. Comprehensive collection of this data each year provides a more complete picture of a department’s practices, which can help support or rebut claims of racial profiling.
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SB 3415 would continue the collection of the existing informational requirements during a stop:
Pedestrian and Traffic Stops:
- Gender and race
- Alleged violation or reason
- Date, time & location
- Whether contraband found or seized
- Officer name & badge #
- Name and address
- Make and year of the vehicle
- If consent search was requested or conducted
- If dog sniff performed and results
- If pat down, frisk or search was conducted, reasons that led to it, and whether it was with consent or by other means
- Disposition of stop
- Record of violation, offenses, crimes alleged or charged